Perennial flowers are one of the most beautiful and adaptable additions to any garden. Whether planted in a border, a meadow, or simply a container on the patio, these resilient and hardy plants can provide years of color and delight.
Although an excellent choice for a low-maintenance option perennial flowers require some basic knowledge and care to survive and thrive. To help you create that perfect garden, in this blog post will provide an overview of the best perennial flowers and the tips and tricks to keep them healthy and looking at their best.
From their ideal planting conditions to proper division and pruning techniques we’ll explore all the necessary steps to ensure your perennials provide long-lasting beauty and enjoyment.
What are perennial flowers?
Perennial flowers are those that re-bloom year after year, often growing in a wide variety of climates. These tough and reliable plants can add a vibrant splash of colour to any garden and come in a range of sizes, colours, and shapes.
Many perennials, such as crocus, coneflower, and peony, are easy to maintain and care for and bring life to a garden over several seasons. Perennials tend to be more affordable than annuals, which are flowers that only last one season.
Perennials come in a range of sizes and colours, from dainty, small-petaled flowers to large, showy blooms. They can be annuals, biennials or Perennials; depending on the climate they are grown in and the species. Some perennials have low maintenance needs, requiring limited pruning and only minimal watering. Others may need more frequent care and attention throughout the year.
For those looking for something eye-catching, there is a wide selection of bright perennials to choose from. Some popular perennials include daisies, daylilies, phlox, and black-eyed susans. Many of these annuals will re-bloom throughout the summer months up until the first frost.
Perennial flowers are a great choice for gardeners looking to beautify their landscape year after year. With some basic maintenance and care, they can provide an abundance of stunning colour throughout the growing seasons.
The Benefits of Perennial Flowers
Perennial flowers are beautiful, low-maintenance flowers that come back each year adding vibrancy and color to any garden. Perennials are not only stunning, but they also offer many benefits to gardeners, including:
1. Low Maintenance: Perennial flowers require minimal effort in terms of maintenance. Most perennials need only basic soil preparation, occasional pruning and deadheading during the summer months, and regular watering during the growing season. This makes them ideal for beginner gardeners or those who want a beautiful garden without a lot of fuss.
2. Long-Lasting: Unlike annuals that have a short life span perennials can last for many years once established. This means that you can enjoy their blooms for longer than with annuals and you don’t have to replace them each year. This also means fewer trips to the garden center and more time to enjoy your garden!
3. Cost-Effective: Since perennial flowers last for several seasons, you can save a lot of money in the long run by investing in perennials rather than annuals. The initial investment may be higher but they will last you much longer and will continue blooming each year without having to purchase them again.
4. Variety: Perennial flowers come in an array of sizes, shapes, and colors, making it easy to find one that will fit the theme of your garden. Whether you’re looking for something to provide pops of color or something more subtle and calming there’s likely a perennial flower that will work perfectly.
Overall, perennial flowers are an excellent choice for any gardener looking for a hassle-free way to liven up their landscape. With their low maintenance requirements and long-lasting blooms, perennials are easy to care for and can provide endless beauty season after season!
How to Plant and Care for Perennial Flowers
Perennial flowers are one of the most rewarding, colorful additions to any garden. Knowing how to properly plant and care for your perennials will help ensure their longevity and beauty for years to come.
When selecting perennial plants, take into consideration the growing conditions and climate in your region. If a flower is not hardy enough for your climate, it will not last more than one season. If you are unsure, you can ask a local nursery or gardening expert for advice.
The best time to plant perennials is early spring after the ground has thawed and frost is no longer a risk. Dig a hole that is large enough to accommodate the root ball of the plant. Gently remove the plant from its container and place it in the hole.
Plant it at the same depth that it was previously growing in. Use a garden fork or trowel to tamp down soil around the roots and ensure good contact between them and the soil. Water thoroughly to settle any air pockets and give the roots a strong start.
In addition to adequate watering, perennials require full sun for at least part of their day. Before planting check the area for shade and make sure there is plenty of space for each flower so they have space to spread out and grow. Fertilize periodically throughout the growing season with an all-purpose fertilizer or compost to keep them healthy and thriving.
Finally, be sure to deadhead spent flowers regularly throughout the growing season to encourage new blooms and prevent reseeding that can lead to overcrowding.
Pinching can also help to promote bushier growth and more flowers. Cut back faded foliage in late fall to keep the garden looking neat and tidy over winter.
With regular care, perennial flowers can bring years of beauty and enjoyment to any landscape.
The Best Time to Plant Perennial Flowers
When it comes to perennial flowers the best time to plant them is usually in the spring (March to early May) or autumn (late September to October) This gives the plants a chance to get established before the hot summer weather hits.
However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, if you live in an area with a cold winter climate, you may want to wait until the fall to plant your perennials. This way, they’ll have a chance to survive the winter and bloom in the spring.
How to Water and Fertilize Perennial Plant Flowers
Perennial flowers, while beautiful, require special care and attention to perform at their best. To keep your perennial flowers healthy and blooming, you need to provide adequate water and fertilizer.
1. Water your perennial flowers at least once a week or twice a week, depending on the weather. In hot and dry weather, you should water more frequently than in cool and wet weather.
2. Check the soil of the perennial flowers before watering. If the soil is dry an inch below the surface, then it’s time to water. If you’re unsure, use a garden trowel to dig down into the soil to check the moisture level.
3. Water slowly and deeply; this helps limit surface evaporation and encourages the roots to search for water further down in the soil. Keep an eye on the foliage on your perennial flowers for signs of wilt or drooping – these are all signs that your flowers need more water!
4. Water your perennial flowers in the morning or early evening when temperatures are cooler; this helps reduce water evaporation from the sun’s heat.
1. Fertilize your perennial flowers once a month with a balanced fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium in equal amounts (10-10-10 is a common ratio).
2. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for proper application; generally speaking, sprinkling the fertilizer around the base of the plants is sufficient.
3. Avoid over-fertilizing; this can cause damage to your plants and produce unhealthy growth!
4. If you’re not sure what type of fertilizer to use, ask your local garden center or nursery for advice.
How to Choose The Best Perennial Flowers And Plant That Bloom For Your Garden
Perennial flowers are the backbone of a beautiful garden. They can give your yard vibrant color and life even after the last of the annuals have withered away. But with so many varieties available, how do you decide which is the best for your particular space?
First, consider climate: Perennials are often hardy and resistant to cold temperatures but there are still plants more suited for colder climates than others.
If you live in a temperate region, look for plants that bloom in mid-summer and can survive the occasional frost. In warmer climates, perennials that bloom in late winter or early spring are ideal for a garden that’s able to keep its color throughout the year.
Next, think about your garden area: Consider the size, soil type, sun exposure, and moisture levels of your garden. Planting perennials that thrive in the conditions that your garden offers is key to their long-term success.
Shadier spots will be suited to varieties like hostas, while well-drained flower beds are perfect for delphiniums and coneflowers. For sunny areas with lots of water choose plants like daisies and lilies.
Finally, select colors and shapes: Make sure to select flowers in colors that contrast each other for maximum impact in your garden. In addition, focus on plants with different heights and shapes for even more visual appeal. Plants such as Russian sage, daylilies, and peonies can provide both colors and different heights for a well-rounded look.
The 21 Best Perennial Flowers for Your Garden
Perennial flowers are a great addition to any garden. With a little bit of care, they will come back year after year and provide you with beautiful blooms.
When it comes to choosing the best flowers for your garden, there are a few things to consider. First, think about the climate in your area and what type of flowers will thrive there.
Also, take into account the amount of sun and shade in your garden as well as the amount of water the plants will need. With all of these factors in mind, here are the 22 best perennial flowers that will give your garden a burst of color and beauty.
1. Butterfly Bush
The Butterfly Bush (Buddleia) is a delightful easy-to-grow perennial flower that produces masses of colorful blooms for most of the summer. The upright arching branches of this shrubby bush are covered with masses of fragrant flowers that range in color from white to various shades of purple, pink, and even yellow.
These beautiful blossoms attract many species of butterflies and hummingbirds, making them a popular choice for both gardeners and wildlife enthusiasts alike. Butterfly bush can be grown in full sun to partial shade and does well in most soils, making it an easy addition to any garden.
Catmint (Nepeta x faassenii) is a flowering perennial that produces highly fragrant, gray-green foliage and lavender-blue flowers. It is easy to grow and quite a drought tolerant once established. Catmint blooms from late spring until fall attracting pollinators to the garden.
This plant is great for borders, mass plantings, and mixed containers. It doesn’t require a lot of fertilizer or pruning and can reach heights of 1.5 feet tall. It is deer and rabbit resistant, making it a great choice for landscapes that have animal issues. Catmint works well in sunny to mostly shaded locations, making it a versatile perennial for almost any landscape.
3. Balloon Flower
The Balloon Flower is a showy mid-summer blooming perennial that produces deep purple, balloon-shaped buds that open to reveal star-shaped flowers. It can reach up to 3 feet in height and develops a clump of erect stems.
The foliage has a pleasant aroma and consists of ovate-shaped dark green leaves with a white downy underside. This flower loves full sun and well-drained fertile soil. It is a low maintenance flower and will bloom from July until frost. The Balloon Flower is a stunning addition to the garden that offers long-lasting blooms throughout the summer.
4. Black-Eyed Susan
Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) is a beloved flowering plant often associated with the mid-Atlantic and Midwest regions of the United States. It is a hardy easy-to-grow perennial that flourishes in full sun and grows to a height of two to three feet tall. The flower heads are two to three inches wide with large, daisy-like yellow petals surrounding a black center.
The flowers bloom from mid-summer until late fall, offering lots of color over an extended period of time. A great choice for a low-maintenance garden, Black-Eyed Susan requires only minimal care and will come back year after year. Plantings add vibrant color and a burst of life to any sunny spot in the garden.
5. Blazing Star
Blazing Star is a genus of perennial flowers in the aster family that is quite easy to maintain. These vibrant blooms feature tall spikes of star-shaped flower heads that come in purples, whites, pinks, and lavenders.
Blooming through late summer and into fall, Blazing Star can be a great addition to any garden as they provide contrast and color. Some popular varieties of Blazing Star include the White Prairie, Red Raspberry, and Gay Feather. Blazing Star prefers full sun and well-draining soils.
Once established it is easy to care for with little need for fertilizer or water. With its self-supporting structure and easy growing conditions, Blazing Star is an excellent choice for any perennial garden!
Bugleweed (Ajuga reptans) is a gorgeous perennial flower that makes a great addition to any garden or landscape. It is a low-lying plant that produces multiple whorls of beautiful purple flowers starting in the late spring to early summer.
Bugleweed is a great groundcover because it grows quickly and its lush foliage helps prevent weeds from taking root. It’s also relatively easy to maintain and doesn’t require much pruning or cutting back. As long as it gets enough water and is planted in the correct soil, this hardy perennial should provide many years of color and beauty to your garden.
Clematis is a type of perennial flower that comes in many varieties, colors, and sizes. They have become popular because they are very versatile, allowing them to fit into nearly any garden design. These flowering vines can be trained to climb trellises or allowed to cascade down walls, providing an eye-catching display of color and texture.
Clematis also bloom for extended periods of time, from early summer well into autumn taking away the need to replant as often. They also prefer slightly acidic soils and are drought tolerant, making them perfect for dry climates. Clematis is the perfect addition to any garden for those looking for a beautiful and versatile flowering display.
8. Coneflower (Echinacea)
Coneflowers (Echinacea), also known as “purple coneflowers,” are tough, beautiful, and easy to cultivate. They are native to North America and come in a number of varieties with some of the most common featuring bright and beautiful purple blooms.
Their lacy petals add texture and visual interest to the garden and their stiff stems make them an excellent choice for cut flower arrangements.
Coneflowers thrive in sunny spots in well-drained soil and once established, are quite low-maintenance making them a favorite among beginner gardeners and veterans alike.
They are also excellent companion plants for various herbs and vegetables and can attract beneficial insects to the area.
9. Cranesbill Geranium
Cranesbill Geranium is a genus of perennial flowers that are part of the geranium family. They are native to Europe, Asia, and western North America and offer a range of beautiful blooms in many different shades of pink, white, purple, and blue.
The flowers have five petals and a cranesbill-shaped seedpod. They are shade tolerant and can tolerate some dry conditions, making them perfect for any garden. Cranesbill Geraniums bloom throughout the summer and make wonderful cut flowers. Deadheading will help encourage more blooms throughout the season.
10. Creeping Thyme
Creeping thyme or Thymus serpyllum is a type of hardy perennial flower that is popular for its lavender and pink blooms and its incredibly fragrant aroma. It is native to southern Europe and many types of creeping thyme can be found in North America and other regions around the world.
This low-growing groundcover has small rounded leaves and grows to heights of 5-30 centimeters making it the perfect choice for rock gardens, pathways, containers, or any other small-scale garden project.
Due to its drought tolerance and self-seeding habits, this beautiful evergreen can also be used to create an attractive lawn alternative. Additionally, its fragrant oils make it an excellent herb for flavoring food and tea.
The daylily is a perennial flower prized for its hardy nature and vibrant blooms. The eye-catching flowers have many petals that come in an array of colors, such as cream, pink, yellow, orange, and red. Daylily grows in USDA hardiness zones 3-9 and can be planted in full sun or partial shade. Many gardeners enjoy growing daylilies because they are easy to care for and require very little maintenance.
They can be planted in large clusters making them great for creating beautiful borders in the garden. The individual blooms only last a day, which gives them their namesake but they will bloom during the entire summer season. Daylilies are sure to add color and beauty to any home garden.
12. English Lavender
English Lavender is a perennial flower that has been a garden favorite for centuries. It is known for its scent and beautiful purple blooms which can appear in spring, summer, or fall depending on where you live. It is native to the Mediterranean region but can also be found in other areas of the world.
It requires full sun and well-drained soil making it an excellent choice for gardens with full sun exposure. English Lavender is very easy to care for and requires little maintenance once established. It makes a great addition to any garden and can be used in a variety of ways including as a cut flower, dried flower, or as an herbal remedy.
13. Giant Allium
Giant Allium is a unique and attractive perennial flower that has been seen in gardens around the world. The towering growth of these flowers can reach up to five or six feet in height while their blooms are often show-stopping purple or blue.
The long-lasting blooms of Giant Allium make them welcome additions to any garden as they can bloom for several weeks or even months at a time. In addition to their beauty, Giant Allium’s deer-resistant nature ensures that your garden won’t be overrun with pesky animals.
Hellebore is a perennial flowering plant, native to most temperate areas of the northern hemisphere including Europe, Asia, and North America.
With white, pink, or purple flowers hellebore is an attractive addition to any garden and a favorite among home gardeners. They are known for their thick evergreen leaves and for blooming in early spring when much of the garden is still dormant.
Hellebore has been used in traditional medicine for centuries and is known for its antibacterial properties. It thrives in moist and shady environments and is deer resistant making it a great choice for gardens that are often visited by wildlife.
15. New England Aster
The New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) is a perennial wildflower native to North America. This flowering beauty blooms from August to October producing clusters of rich purple flowers with yellow centers.
The flowers are most often found in open moist meadows and along roadsides or trails and provide striking color late into the fall season. The stems are usually 1 to 3 feet tall and when in full bloom, the aster can grow up to 6 feet tall. They are a great choice for adding long-lasting beauty to any landscape.
16. Montauk Daisy
Montauk Daisy is a perennial flower that is great for any garden setting. The delicate white petals of the daisy are surrounded by a wide range of shades of blue, purple, pink, and yellow. These vibrant colors make the daisy stand out among other flowers and can transform any garden.
Montauk Daisies can bloom for long periods of time and are low maintenance needing only occasional pruning to help them continue to thrive. They are easy to care for as they are resistant to drought and can thrive in full sun or partial shade. These flowers are perfect for any garden setting from a small backyard to a large commercial landscape.
17. Perennial Tickseed
Perennial Tickseed is a low maintenance perennial flower that grows up to a foot high and produces bright yellow petals with brown centers. It blooms from summer to autumn and has a long bloom period. It is a great choice for gardeners as it is drought tolerant hardy and easy to care for.
It is a popular choice for borders and can look great when planted in masses. This perennial flower can tolerate most soils but prefers well draining soil. It is also relatively disease and pest-resistant making it a great choice for gardeners looking for an easy care flower.
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is a perennial flower that grows in temperate regions all over the world. It has fern-like, deeply divided, lacy leaves and white, pink or red blooms that look like tiny daisy-like flowers.
Yarrow is an easy-to-grow flower, making it great for novice gardeners. It is extremely hardy and low maintenance; it only needs water early in the season and can tolerate a wide range of soil and light conditions.
It is often used in gardens as a ground cover but can also be used in borders and containers. Yarrow is also popular for its medicinal properties; its leaves are used to make a tea that provides relief from colds, headaches, and other ailments.
19. Siberian Iris
Siberian Iris is a beautiful perennial flower. It prefers moist soil and moist conditions making it a great choice for areas that experience wetter climates and moist conditions. The flower itself has a unique shape with six petals, with colors ranging from lavender to blue, white, and pink.
It makes a lovely addition to any garden and can be grown in zones from 3-9. Siberian Iris is a hardy plant blooming from late spring through early summer and will re-bloom if deadheaded after the initial bloom. The foliage also provides interest in the garden as it emerges from the ground in late winter and continues in an upright stance throughout the blooming season.
20. Spiked Speedwell
Spiked Speedwell, also known as Veronica spicata, are perennial flowers that are native to Europe. They have beautiful blue-violet petals with white eye markings. They can reach up to 8-12 inches in height with a spread of about 6-18 inches.
They thrive in full sun and prefer moist soil with good drainage. They are deer and rabbit resistant and are drought-tolerant once established. These low-maintenance plants attract pollinators, including hummingbirds and butterflies, and add a great pop of color to your outdoor garden.
21. Roman Chamomile
Roman Chamomile is a perennial flower native to Western Europe. It is known for its sweet apple-like aroma and distinctive white petals. Roman Chamomile can be grown in gardens, along walkways, or, in containers. Its evergreen leaves are feathery and grayish-green in color. The flowers are small and white with yellow centers that grow in clusters and bloom in May or June.
Roman Chamomile is an easy plant to care for and requires little maintenance making it a popular choice for gardeners and homeowners. Its flowers have a variety of uses, such as making essential oils for aromatherapy, as well as being used as an ingredient in teas and other culinary dishes.
Perennial Flowers FAQ
What perennial flowers come back every year?
Peonies, black-eyed Susans, foxglove, lavender, peonies, sedum, salvia, yarrow, and daylilies are just a few of the many flowers that come back year after year.
Although they may die back in the winter, they will always come back in the spring, making them a popular choice for gardeners of all levels of experience.
What is the longest-blooming perennial?
The longest blooming perennial is the Rozanne® Cranesbill, often called the “Geranium of the Millennium,” a 2008 perennial of the year renowned for its ability to provide gardens with a long season of blooms. This eye-catching flower bloom can last more than three months ensuring that your garden stays in full bloom all season long.
What is a good perennial flower to plant?
There are many good perennial flowers to plant, but Daisies (Leucanthemum Species), Daylilies (Hemerocallis Species), Salvia (Salvia Species), Bearded Iris (Iris Hybrid Varieties), Peonies (Paeonia Species), Coreopsis (Coreopsis Species), Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia Species), Lavender (Lavandula Species), Foxglove (Digitalis Species), Cranesbill Geranium, Clematis.
What is the most popular perennial flower?
One of the most popular perennial flowers is the rose mallow, a hardy form of Hibiscus. It produces stunning, dinner plate-sized blossoms in a range of shades making it a great showstopper for any garden.
What is the hardiest perennial flower?
One of the hardiest perennial flowers is the Hardy Coneflower (Echinacea). Hardy coneflowers are some of the most resilient perennials for your garden thriving in zones 3 – 8. These flowers feature showy and colorful petals and can provide a beautiful addition to any garden.
What are Zone 4 perennials that bloom all summer?
For zone 4, there are several perennials that will bloom all summer. Fernleaf Yarrow (Achillea filipendulina), Virginia Bluebells, Geranium ‘Rozanne’ (Geranium x ‘Rozanne’), Strawberries & Cream Lilium Mix, Asclepias incarnata ‘Cinderella’, Asclepias tuberosa Gay Butterflies, Stella de Oro Daylily, Becky Shasta Daisy, Perennial Salvia, Russian Sage, Yarrow, English Lavender, Ice Plant, Coneflower, Threadleaf Coreopsis, Butterfly Bush, Black-Eyed Susan, and Autumn Joy Stonecrop are all Zone 4 perennials that will bloom all summer. These plants are great for adding beauty and texture to your summer garden.
When should I plant perennials?
Planting perennials is best done in the fall or early spring. Fall planting gives the plant more time to become established before the start of the hot summer months.
Late summer and fall are ideal times to plant perennials that flower in spring and early summer as well as shrubs and trees. Early fall is a good time to plant larger sizes of perennials since the weather is cool and reduces stress on the top parts of the plant.
Perennials can also be planted right up until the ground freezes in colder climates. Planting in the fall while the soil is still warm will give the plants a head start on spring, and in Zones 6 and 7, the cool-down period starts around the end of September about six weeks before the first fall frost.
Perennials are tough plants so they’re less fussy about when you plant them or move them. Most perennials should be planted in the fall or early spring, and they can be bought in the bare root form.
Why did my perennials not come back?
It is possible that the perennials didn’t come back due to a few simple issues. Firstly, it is important to ensure that the perennials being planted are suited to the local climate. If not, they may act more like an annual, only blooming once in their life.
Secondly, if the soil is not well drained there may be root rot from all that snow melt. Thirdly, perennials may be susceptible to slugs or other pests that could damage them.
Finally, if the soil is too dry during the winter, or there is too much drainage this could also be a reason why the perennials have not come back.
It is important to investigate thoroughly to ensure that all the environmental conditions are suitable for the perennials planted in order for them to come back each year.
Does a hardy perennial come back every year?
Yes, a hardy perennial will come back every year. They are resilient plants that can survive through the winter and return to flower in the following season.
Hardy perennials are capable of withstanding cold temperatures and other adverse growing conditions including frost. Their hardiness allows them to return year after year with no need to replant.
What are hardy perennials?
A hardy perennial is a plant that is able to survive for three or more seasons and withstand freezing temperatures.
Common hardy perennials include Blazing Star (Liatris spicata), Foam Flower (Tiarella cordifolia), Goat’s Beard (Astilbe x), Mountain Rock Cress (Barrenwort), Tickseed, Russian Sage, Hellebore, Sedum, Baptisia, Coneflower, Asiatic Lily, Hosta, Peony, Catmint, Cranesbill and Golden discs.
Do perennials spread?
Yes, perennials do spread. Many perennial plants spread by vegetative means such as by sending out underground runners. Some perennials, like asters, yarrow, summer sunflower, and beebalm, are spread by underground runners and may need dividing every few years to keep them from overtaking the garden.
Other perennials can also spread by dispersing seeds so, it is important to be aware of the type of perennial you are planting to ensure that it does not become invasive.
To encourage perennials to spread fast, you can top dress the soil with 3 inches of compost in early spring. You can also divide perennials when they outgrow a space or exchange them with gardening friends.
Do perennials bloom all year?
No, perennials do not bloom all year. Perennials typically bloom during the spring, summer, and fall, depending on the species, and come back next year.
Do perennials live forever?
No, perennials do not live forever. In fact, many perennials are considered to be short-lived lasting only 2-3 years depending on the type of plant and the conditions in which it is grown.
Which is better annuals or perennials?
When it comes to deciding between annuals or perennials for your garden it depends on the look and effect you are looking for. Annuals are great for changing your garden’s look from year to year and for providing a longer flowering period.
They flower almost constantly and can provide an ongoing display of different colors. On the other hand, perennials are plants that will come back and regrow year after year, and some can last for decades.
This can create the backbone of your garden and save you work down the road. Ultimately, it’s up to you to decide which plants best suit your needs and preferences.
Are marigolds annual or perennial?
Most marigolds are annual flowers, meaning they will sprout, flower, and die within the same growing season.
Are petunias annuals or perennials?
Petunias are technically tender perennials but they can’t tolerate frost. Therefore, they are commonly grown as annuals in most climates. Petunias come in many colors and patterns and can be grown as either annuals or perennials depending on the hardiness zone.
In Zones 9 to 11, they can be grown as tender perennials, while in other climates they are grown as annuals. Petunias can also be raised from cuttings, making them a great choice for gardeners of all levels.